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Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel$
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Michael Fishbane

Print publication date: 1988

Print ISBN-13: 9780198266990

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198266995.001.0001

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Lexical and Explicative Comments

Lexical and Explicative Comments

(p.44) 2 Lexical and Explicative Comments
Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel

Michael Fishbane (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

A typology of lexical and explicative comments within the Hebrew Bible is presented with diverse examples. Among these is the explicit formulaic use of deictic elements (like ‘that is’; or ‘this means’) followed by a clarifying feature. These are used to explicate unclear or antiquated terms, as well as ambiguities of terms and phrasing, in the biblical sources. Various implicit clarifications, without deictic elements, are noted. A detailed method is established to show this phenomenon, in particular, the comparison of related formulations and texts in different parts of the Hebrew Bible. Use is also made of the various versions of Scriptures (like the Septuagint and Samaritan Pentateuch), as well as the Qumran manuscripts.

Keywords:   deictic elements, emendations, explicative comments, interpolations, lexical comments, scribal guilds, scribal practice

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