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The Popes and European Revolution$
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Owen Chadwick

Print publication date: 1980

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269199

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269196.001.0001

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(p.535) 8 Restoration
The Popes and European Revolution

Owen Chadwick (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Traces the decline of political power in the Catholic Church in Europe from the period after the overthrow of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814, and the return of the Pope to Rome. In the new Europe so formed, Protestants were politically far stronger than Catholics. The different sections of the chapter cover the Austrian chancellor Metternich, the Age of the Concordats (agreements between Rome and the governments of different countries), Spain and the reaction to the revolution, the secret articles of Verona (Italy, 1822), revolution in Spanish America, reaction in Italy and the Prince of Canosa, the restored Pope, the Papal States, the Carbonari, Silvio Pellico, Pope Leo XII, the shadow of the Jansenists, the end of the campaign against celibacy, the structure of the restored Church (bishoprics, seminaries, brotherhoods), the jubilee of 1825, collegiate churches, the revival of the monks and monasteries, the revival of the Jesuits and other orders, new religious groups, virtus, and differences in parish life.

Keywords:   Age of the Concordats, Austria, Carbonari, Catholic Church, celibacy, Europe, history, Italy, Jansenism, Metternich, monasteries, monks, Papal States, Protestant Church, religious history, restoration, revival, revolution, Spain, Spanish America, structure, virtus

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