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A History of the Popes 1830-1914$
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Owen Chadwick

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269229

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269226.001.0001

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Nationality and Religion: Spain

Nationality and Religion: Spain

(p.436) 10 Nationality and Religion: Spain
A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Owen Chadwick (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Spain was closely identified historically with Catholicism, but some regions were also strongly anti‐clerical, and religion was a divisive factor in Spanish politics and society throughout the nineteenth century. The Carlist Wars, the Concordat of 1844, and the religious policy of Queen Isabella and her confidant Father Claret all served to identify Catholicism with extreme conservatism. The result was that under liberal regimes religious houses were dissolved and episodes of violent anti‐clericalism became common. Civil wars and persecution also divided the Church into integrist and liberal wings. Standards in seminaries were low and priests paid little attention to preaching, but the religious orders revived in the late nineteenth century. Spanish Protestants remained few in number, but faced extreme hostility from the Church hierarchy.

Keywords:   anti‐clericalism, Spanish, Carlism, integrism, Isabella II, Queen of Spain, Jesuits, Protestants, Spanish, Spain

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