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The Papal MonarchyThe Western Church from 1050 to 1250$
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Colin Morris

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269250.001.0001

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Property, Privilege, and Law

Property, Privilege, and Law

(p.387) 16 Property, Privilege, and Law
The Papal Monarchy

Colin Morris

Oxford University Press

In principle, bishops were responsible for ecclesiastical revenues, but in practice other powers had secured vested rights over them. Tithes formed a basic part of the income of the church, while efficient bishops were committed to the restoration of alienated estates. The exemption of clergy from royal or civil courts was an issue of vigorous dispute. The formulation of canon law proceeded rapidly: a development against which some critics strongly protested.

Keywords:   Alexander III, clerical exemption, criminous clerks, decretals, episcopal estates, Gerhoh of Reichersberg, Gratian, John of Salisbury, tithes

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