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The Papal MonarchyThe Western Church from 1050 to 1250$
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Colin Morris

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269250.001.0001

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The Pontificate of Innocent III (1198–1216)

The Pontificate of Innocent III (1198–1216)

(p.417) 17 The Pontificate of Innocent III (1198–1216)
The Papal Monarchy

Colin Morris

Oxford University Press

Innocent was one of the youngest popes ever to be elected and was outstanding among the popes of this period. He built up the Papal State in Italy in its later form, and in his attempt to disrupt Hohenstaufen power, sustained a long civil war in Germany, while elaborating the theory of papal authority and defining the limitations of kingship. He was actively committed to reform of the clergy. He also sponsored the Fourth Crusade and planned the Fifth, while taking steps against heresy in the West. Most aspects of his work were summed up in the huge Fourth Lateran Council of 1215.

Keywords:   Albigensian crusade, confession, Fourth Lateran, Innocent III, John of England, Langton, papal state

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