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The Papal MonarchyThe Western Church from 1050 to 1250$
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Colin Morris

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269250.001.0001

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Christian Society in the Middle of the Eleventh Century

Christian Society in the Middle of the Eleventh Century

(p.11) 1 Christian Society in the Middle of the Eleventh Century
The Papal Monarchy

Colin Morris

Oxford University Press

The mid‐eleventh century saw the strong dominance of royal authority over the independence of the church. The system may be described as the private ownership of church (Eigenkirchentum). Its most obvious manifestation was the custom of lay investiture. Royal control could be an instrument for reform and discipline, especially in the hands of such rulers as the Emperor Henry III, with his strong belief in the sacred nature of royal authority.

Keywords:   donation of Constantine, Eigenkirchentum, emperor, Henry III, lay investiture, peace of God, privatization of churches, sacred kingship

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