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The Papal MonarchyThe Western Church from 1050 to 1250$
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Colin Morris

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269250.001.0001

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The Papal Reform 1046–1073

The Papal Reform 1046–1073

(p.79) 4 The Papal Reform 1046–1073
The Papal Monarchy

Colin Morris

Oxford University Press

The generation after 1050 saw a revolution in the government of the Roman church, which became increasingly independent of both the local Roman nobility and the German emperors. Reformers demanded a stricter separation between clergy and laity and the abolition of clerical marriage and simony. The word papatus, papacy, was first used and the cardinals became a more international body.

Keywords:   Burchard of Worms, concubinage, Leo IX, marriage of clergy, papacy, papal reform, patarini, simony

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