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German and Scandinavian Protestantism 1700-1918$
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Nicholas Hope

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269946

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269943.001.0001

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(p.354) 15 Awakening
German and Scandinavian Protestantism 1700-1918

Nicholas Hope

Oxford University Press

Describes a broad religious awakening in German lands amongst Lutherans and the Reformed and in Lutheran Scandinavia (c.1780–1850). Disruption of the old communal parish order of dependent relationships in village and hometown by state legislation spurred voluntary churchmanship and the gathered congregation. A ‘democratic’ church appeared here and thereafter 1840.

Keywords:   communal parish, democratic church, dependent relationships, disruption, gathered congregation, religious awakening, state legislation, voluntary churchmanship

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