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Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion$
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John McManners

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198270041

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198270046.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 March 2021

Sexual Passion

Sexual Passion

(p.277) 33 Sexual Passion
Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

John McManners

Oxford University Press

Clerical moralists looked upon sexual desire as the most dangerous of the passions, and most continued to preach an impractical and repressive rigorism throughout the eighteenth century. Their hatred of prostitution was ‘uncompromising and relentless’; an attitude shared in theory by the secular authorities, though in practice straightforward repression was impossible and prostitution was regulated and controlled, often by unofficial means. A shift in attitude is discernible in the Church's dealing with prostitutes, moving from the mere imposition of penance towards attempts at reform. The attitude of casuists to premarital sex was again theoretically severe. Illegitimacy rate rose during the century, but remained low outside the major cities as a result of social pressures as much as religious indoctrination. Clerical distrust of sexual desire extended to relationships within marriage, with much repetition of advice of the most austere kind. However, contraception, mostly by coitus interruptus, spread widely, starting among the elite and in the towns, and more liberal attitudes were beginning to become more prevalent in the late eighteenth century.

Keywords:   casuistry, confession, contraception, Enlightenment, marriage, prostitution, sex

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