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Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion$
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John McManners

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198270041

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198270046.001.0001

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Fleury's Repression and the Interventions of the Parlement

Fleury's Repression and the Interventions of the Parlement

Chapter:
(p.456) 40 Fleury's Repression and the Interventions of the Parlement
Source:
Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion
Author(s):

John McManners

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198270046.003.0019

Between 1730, when Unigenitus was declared ‘a law of Church and State’, and his death in 1743, cardinal Fleury broke the power of Jansenism within the French clergy by the use of ecclesiastical patronage and promotion; the issue of lettres de cachet to send troublemakers to prison, monastery, or exile; police interventions, especially against authors and publishers; and the despatch of royal commissioners to overawe the assemblies of monastic orders and theology faculties. But enforcement of Unigenitus inevitably incurred the hostility of the sovereign courts, especially the parlement of Paris, the magistrates of which saw themselves as the guardians of legal process and individual liberty. Conflict with the parlement, itself not so much Jansenist as Gallican, in the 1730s involved a strike by avocats in 1731–32, but ended in defeat for the magistrates.

Keywords:   Church patronage, Jansenism, lettres de cachet, monastic orders, parlement, Unigenitus

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