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Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion$
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John McManners

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198270041

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198270046.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 March 2021

The Mid‐Century Crisis

The Mid‐Century Crisis

(p.481) 41 The Mid‐Century Crisis
Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

John McManners

Oxford University Press

The Jansenist issue could have been settled by compromise and silence by mid‐century but for the policy of the denial of the sacraments to dying Jansenists introduced by Christophe de Beaumont, archbishop of Paris, in 1749. The parlement of Paris made use of ambiguities about jurisdiction over the sacraments to challenge the Church and Louis XV. In the violent controversy, lasting until 1756, the parlement gained the support of most of the other parlements of the kingdom and of the people of Paris as issues of finance became entwined with the religious issue, and theories about the representative nature of the parlement were revived. The exile of individual parlementaires and the king's refusal to accept the parlement's remonstrances raised the quarrel to new heights before a truce was declared after the attempted assassination of Louis XV by Damiens and in view of the pressing needs of a kingdom at war. Over the issue of the sacraments, however, the parlement emerged as the winner.

Keywords:   Jansenists, parlements, sacraments

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