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Marius Victorinus' Commentary on Galatians$
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Stephen Andrew Cooper

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198270270

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0198270275.001.0001

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The Apostle Paul in Fourth‐Century Roman Art

The Apostle Paul in Fourth‐Century Roman Art

(p.41) 3 The Apostle Paul in Fourth‐Century Roman Art
Marius Victorinus' Commentary on Galatians

Stephen Andrew Cooper (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the development of the first hundred years of Pauline iconography in all media (sarcophagi, catacomb frescos, church mosaics, small objets d ’art). Particular attention is paid to the variety of ternary scenes featuring the apostles Peter and Paul flanking Christ. The various depictions of Christ (denominated Christus magister and traditio legis) in the scenes with his chief apostles are correlated to the verbal portraits of Paul, and his relation to Christ evident in the early commentaries on the Pauline epistles. Victorinus presents Paul as a direct recipient of Christ’s revelation, and thus as a prime authority in matter of both doctrine and morals; such an understanding of Paul is also suggested by the depictions of Christ with Paul which become common after the mid-point of the fourth century. The development of both Pauline iconography and commentary on the epistles in Rome are shown to be part of the popular piety arising around the various Roman sites claiming the relics of the chief apostles.

Keywords:   Pauline iconography, early Christian art, Via Latina catacomb, Christus magister, traditio legis, portraits, Christ, cult of the apostles, Roman art

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