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Calendar and CommunityA History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE$
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Sacha Stern

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198270348

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198270348.001.0001

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The Intercalation

The Intercalation

(p.47) 2 The Intercalation
Calendar and Community

Sacha Stern (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Through most of our period, the intercalation of a thirteenth month to the year (designed to bring the lunar calendar in line with the annual seasons) was independently carried out by the Jewish communities in Palestine and the diaspora, so that their calendars and festival dates were often at variance. Until the first century c.e., Jewish lunar calendars tended to be late in relation to the solar year: thus, Passover would usually occur after the spring equinox. By the fourth century, however, Passover was frequently celebrated before the equinox, as is amply documented in Christian sources relating to the date of Easter. Diversity of practice between various Jewish communities persisted until the end of Antiquity (e.g. at Zoar).

Keywords:   diversity, Easter, equinox, festival dates, intercalation, Passover, Zoar

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