Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Marxism and the City$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ira Katznelson

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198279242

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0198279248.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2020

Themes in Marxist Social Theory

Themes in Marxist Social Theory

(p.43) 2 Themes in Marxist Social Theory
Marxism and the City

Ira Katznelson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The first of the two main sections of this chapter discusses Marx's goal and the elements of a Marxist tradition, and presents the views of various later scholars (David Little, Steven Lukes, Alvin Goulder, Edward Thompson, Leonard Krieger, Georg Lukács, Antonio Gramsci, and others) on these elements. The three distinctive but inter‐related projects elaborated in Marx's aim of reconstructing the post‐capitalist world are examined in detail: the construction of a theory of history to account for the change between epochs on the largest possible scale, which focuses on the struggles between social classes within the twin frame of the development of the forces of production, and the nature of the relationships joining people in the social features of the production process; the building of a model of the economy within the capitalist epoch; and the construction of a social theory capable of inventing explanations about specific capitalist societies (the focus of most of this book). Gramsci elaborated on the most promising lines of inquiry embedded in Marx's historical writings to develop the base–superstructure distinction as a complex web of relations in which the economic, political, and cultural elements of a situation are interconnected, and in which the historicity of social structure is made central. The final section of the chapter explores these issues of Marxist social theory in the work of Edward Thompson, Raymond Williams, Eric Hobsbawm, and G. A. Cohen (who demonstrate the repertoire of alternative theoretical moves developed since Gramsci), and points out that the capacity of Marxism to provide an attractive alternative to the differentiation problematic in studies of the city hinges on the character and persuasiveness of these linkages. In the concluding discussion, the author returns to the issue of the capaciousness of Marxist theory.

Keywords:   Alvin Goulder, Antonio Gramsci, base–superstructure distinction, cities, David Little, differentiation problematic, Edward Thompson, Edward Thompson, Eric Hobsbawm, forces of production, G. A. Cohen, Georg Lukács, Leonard Krieger, Marxism, Marxist social theory, Raymond Williams, reconstruction of the post‐capitalist world, social theory, Steven Lukes, struggles between social classes, theory of history

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .