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Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare StateA European Dilemma$
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Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Peo Hansen, and Stephen Castles

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198280521

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0198280521.001.0001

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The ‘Migration Crisis’ and the Genesis of Europe's New Diversity

The ‘Migration Crisis’ and the Genesis of Europe's New Diversity

(p.21) two The ‘Migration Crisis’ and the Genesis of Europe's New Diversity
Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State

Carl-Ulrik Schierup (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In the early 1990s, politicians, media, and public opinion perceived the growing entries of migrants and asylum seekers to Western and southern Europe as a ‘migration crisis’ likely to threaten economic prosperity and national identity. In fact, migration declined in the mid-1990s, only to grow again at the beginning of the new century. At the same time, descendents of earlier migrants formed visible new minorities. The growing porosity of borders and diversity of populations coincided with a fundamental change in the character of welfare states and class relations in Europe. This chapter charts the ‘turning points’ in the process that has undermined traditional ideas of monocultural identities, discusses the challenges this poses for European societies, and examines a range of approaches to managing migration and diversity.

Keywords:   migration, migration policy, asylum, minorities, diversity, multiculturalism, citizenship

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