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Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare StateA European Dilemma$
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Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Peo Hansen, and Stephen Castles

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198280521

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0198280521.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2022

Transatlantic Convergence or Transatlantic Split? Elements for a Comparative Framework

Transatlantic Convergence or Transatlantic Split? Elements for a Comparative Framework

(p.81) four Transatlantic Convergence or Transatlantic Split? Elements for a Comparative Framework
Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State

Carl-Ulrik Schierup (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter elaborates a theoretical framework for the comparative analysis of social exclusion, with particular reference to migrants and ethnic minorities. It attempts to forge a synthesis of theoretical propositions within US research on ethnicity, race, gender, and class with insights from European comparative sociological studies on welfare regimes. It compares ‘racialized exclusion’ in the United States with the segregated urban spaces in which immigrants and new ethnic minorities tend to be concentrated in European societies. It also discusses the highly different development in different parts of the European Union (concentrating on the 15 states which made up the EU until 2004). The discussion reveals a complex interplay between path-dependent institutional strategies and multiple tendencies of convergence in the direction of a neo-American strategy of globalization and its characteristic forms of ‘advanced marginality’. Yet individual societies continue to cope with forces of globalization as well as processes of racialized exclusion in different ways and with different results. These differences are linked to their particular welfare regimes, institutionalized economic and political frameworks, and particular modes of organization of civil society.

Keywords:   social exclusion, ethnicity, race, gender, class, racialization, welfare regimes

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