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Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare StateA European Dilemma$
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Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Peo Hansen, and Stephen Castles

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198280521

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0198280521.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2022

Economic Miracle and Political Limbo: Italy and Its ‘Extracommunitarians’

Economic Miracle and Political Limbo: Italy and Its ‘Extracommunitarians’

(p.163) seven Economic Miracle and Political Limbo: Italy and Its ‘Extracommunitarians’
Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State

Carl-Ulrik Schierup (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

To grasp Italy’s experience of migration, welfare, and citizenship, it is necessary to first understand the convoluted relationship between formal legislation and central directives on the one hand, and their interpretation and implementation in a decentralized and clientilistic political-administrative setting on the other. Added to this is the complexity of Italy’s division into major regions that are still very different in terms of economy, political culture, and social structure and, consequently, in terms of the modes in which immigrants become incorporated into economy and society. This refers in particular to the traditional north-south divide, which has not vanished during the last three decades of economic restructuring and political change, but has taken on partially new forms. The chapter presents data on the growth of immigration in Italy. It draws a cursory sketch of the specific character of the Italian conservative-corporatist welfare state and the discontents produced by its merger with Italy’s post-Fordist political economy and labour market. It describes the growing structural dependency of the Italian economy on migrant labour and discusses the segmentation of the labour market in relation to the major regional divisions. The chapter closes with a discussion of vagaries of policy formation and the current political struggles in Italy over immigration.

Keywords:   clientilism, informal economy, regionalism, conservative welfare state, post-Fordist economy

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