Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Henry Phelps Brown

Print publication date: 1988

Print ISBN-13: 9780198286486

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198286481.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 October 2020

The Historical Course of Change in the Distribution of Income

The Historical Course of Change in the Distribution of Income

Chapter:
(p.305) 11 The Historical Course of Change in the Distribution of Income
Source:
Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality
Author(s):

Henry Phelps Brown

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198286481.003.0012

The similarity of the distributions of income in some Western countries in recent years that was demonstrated in the last chapter prompts conjecture that this kind of distribution is governed throughout by laws that take much the same effect in countries otherwise set apart by many differences. However, these countries do have this in common: they are at the same stage of economic development, so it could be that in earlier stages of development their distributions were less alike. This thesis is examined first by looking in detail at the course of income distribution over nearly 300 years within the UK; substantial changes are observed over the period 1688–1984, the salient one being a relative reduction of higher incomes. The brief examination is made next of trends in the USA, which show a different pattern and a trend towards greater inequality. Lastly, there is a brief examination of trends in income distribution in developing countries, which seem to follow Simon Kuznetz's thesis of 1955: that inequality generally increases in the early stages of economic development, and then decreases; the reasons for this are discussed.

Keywords:   change, developing countries, economic development, income distribution, inequality, Simon Kuznetz, statistics, temporal variation, UK, USA, Western countries

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .