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Inequality Reexamined$
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Amartya Sen

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198289289

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198289286.001.0001

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Class, Gender and Other Groups

Class, Gender and Other Groups

(p.117) 8 Class, Gender and Other Groups
Inequality Reexamined

Amartya Sen (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The relevance of the capability perspective is discussed in the context of differences in class, gender, and other social features. Human diversity is shown, once again, to play a crucial part in strengthening the significance of the informational departure in moving from the spaces of incomes, opportunities, happiness, primary goods, etc. to taking direct note of the achievement of functionings and the capability to achieve them. The capability perspective is more sensitive than utility‐based approaches to problems of entrenched deprivation, which can lead to defensive adjustment of desires and expectations (thereby distorting the metric of utilities). It can also be fairer in dealing directly with freedoms rather than concentrating on the means of freedoms. These differences are significant in assessing inequality and injustice across the barriers of class, gender, and other social divisions.

Keywords:   achievement, capability, class, deprivation, equality, freedom, functionings, gender, human diversity, income, inequality, injustice, justice, space

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