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Separate and UnequalBlack Americans and the US Federal Government$
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Desmond King

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198292494

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019829249X.001.0001

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Joining the Government: ‘Because I Dared to Be Black’

Joining the Government: ‘Because I Dared to Be Black’

(p.39) 2 Joining the Government: ‘Because I Dared to Be Black’
Separate and Unequal

Desmond King (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

King analyses the difficulties facing Black Americans attempting to join the civil service and the inadequacy of the US Civil Service Commission's monitoring of both recruitment and promotion. He reviews the reform of the federal civil service from a patronage‐based to a merit‐based hiring system and then explains how the mechanism deployed by the civil service systematically discriminated against Black American applicants. In his examination, King focuses on specific hiring practices like the ‘rule of three’ as well as institutions including the Civil Service Commission, congressional committees, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Keywords:   Black American, civil service, Civil Service Commission, congressional committee, discrimination, hiring system, merit, NAACP, patronage, rule of three

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