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The Monarchy and the Constitution$
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Vernon Bogdanor

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293347

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198293348.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 March 2021

Three Constitutional Crises

Three Constitutional Crises

(p.113) 5 Three Constitutional Crises
The Monarchy and the Constitution

Vernon Bogdanor (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The three constitutional crises examined are that caused by the rejection by the House of Lords of Lloyd George's `People's Budget’ of 1909; that caused by the Home Rule Act of 1914; and the abdication in 1936. Each of these crises posed difficult problems for the sovereigns involved—George V and Edward VIII—and for their Prime Ministers—Asquith and Baldwin. In 1914, George V seriously contemplated refusing royal assent to legislation passed by Parliament. In 1936, abdication, a voluntary renunciation, seemed a threat to the very institution of monarchy, which depends upon automatic hereditary descent. But, paradoxically, the abdication heralded a vote of confidence for monarchy and the new style of limited, constitutional monarchy, as represented by George VI.

Keywords:   abdication, constitution, constitutional crises, constitutional monarchy, hereditary descent, House of Lords, Irish Home Rule, royal assent

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