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Real Freedom for AllWhat (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?$
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Philippe Van Parijs

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293576

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198293577.001.0001

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Exploitation versus Real Freedom

Exploitation versus Real Freedom

(p.133) Chapter 5 Exploitation versus Real Freedom
Real Freedom for All

Philippe Van Parijs

Oxford University Press

By providing a modest income even to those who do not want to work, is one not institutionalizing the exploitation of hard workers by free riders? There would definitely be ‘Lockean exploitation’, and hence violation of the ‘Creators Keepers’ principle, and there would be ‘Lutheran exploitation’ and hence lack of proportionality between effort and reward. But neither of these conceptions of exploitation makes normative sense. By contrast, ‘Roemerian exploitation’, or asset‐based inequality, does make normative sense. But it does not endorse an ethical indictment of an unconditional income. Quite the contrary.

Keywords:   asset‐based inequality, Creators Keepers, exploitation, free riders, hard workers, Lockean, Luther, proportionality between effort and reward, Roemer, unconditional income

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