This chapter deals with one of the most important exceptions to the most‐favoured‐nation (MFN) rule allowed by the WTO (World Trade Organization): regional integration agreements (RIAs). Almost all WTO members are participants in one or more RIA, thus raising serious questions about the relevance of the WTO's non‐discrimination principle. The sections of the chapter are as follows: Motivations for regional economic integration; GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) Article XXIV: Preferential trade agreements; GATS (General Agreement on Trade in Services) Article V: Economic integration; Trading blocs and the trading system; and Conclusion.
Keywords: discrimination, economic integration, GATS, GATT, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, General Agreement on Trade in Services, preferential trade agreements, regional integration agreement, RIA, trading blocs, trading system, World Trade Organization, WTO
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