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The Political Economy of the World Trading SystemWTO and Beyond$
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Bernard Hoekman and Michel Kostecki

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294313

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019829431X.001.0001

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Trade in Services

Trade in Services

(p.237) 7 Trade in Services
The Political Economy of the World Trading System

Bernard M. Hoekman

Michel M. Kostecki (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter starts with brief overviews of global trade flows in services, the barriers that restrict such trade, and the economics of service sector protection and liberalization. This is followed by a summary of the main elements of the GATS (General Agreement on Trade in Services) and a discussion of the experience obtained in the first five years of the operation of the GATS in expanding the coverage of the agreement. The chapter ends with a brief assessment of the usefulness of the GATS as an instrument for the pursuit of service sector reform. The different sections are as follows: Conceptual and empirical issues; Barriers and potential gains from reform; The Uruguay Round negotiations; The GATS; Sector‐specific negotiations and agreements; Electronic commerce; The challenge of expanding the GATS; and Conclusion.

Keywords:   GATS, General Agreement on Trade in Services, global trade, reform, service sector liberalization, service sector protection, service sector reform, services, trade barriers, trade reform, Uruguay Round

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