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A New Handbook of Political Science$
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Robert E. Goodin and Hans-Dieter Klingemann

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294719

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198294719.001.0001

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Political Theory, Old and New

Political Theory, Old and New

(p.531) Chapter 23 Political Theory, Old and New
A New Handbook of Political Science

Brian Barry

Oxford University Press

The potential of rational choice theory to political theory is elaborated and developed. In opposition to Parekh, Rawls's Theory of Justice was a turning point in political philosophy because it is disconnected from the thought of the 1950s and 60s. Responds to Young's and Parekh's criticism that liberalism cannot accommodate diversity in beliefs and ways of life. Admits that equality of opportunity is likely to disadvantage some ways of life over others, but points out that the liberal individualistic principle is preferable to a politics of group identity and difference.

Keywords:   difference, diversity, equal opportunity, group identity, individualism, liberalism, political philosophy, political theory, rational choice, John Rawls

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