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Citizens and the State$
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Hans-Dieter Klingemann and Dieter Fuchs

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294733

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198294735.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 October 2021

Relationships Between Citizens and Political Parties

Relationships Between Citizens and Political Parties

(p.206) 7 Relationships Between Citizens and Political Parties
Citizens and the State

Roberto Biorcio

Renato Mannheimer

Oxford University Press

Aims to analyse the relationship between citizens and political parties in the five most populated countries in the European Community (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK), and to specify its dynamic processes. It proposes a typology combining the affective orientation (party identification) and the instrumental orientation (interest representation) voters, yielding four types of relationship: integrated, pragmatic, identifying, and de‐aligned. It examines the empirical distribution of these relationships across these five countries, and finds the de‐aligned relationship to be the dominant form, particularly in Spain and Italy, and particularly among the younger generation.

Keywords:   France, Germany, Italy, party representativeness, Spain, UK

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