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Multicultural Questions$
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Christian Joppke and Steven Lukes

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198296102

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019829610X.001.0001

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Cultural Pluralism and Partial Citizenship

Cultural Pluralism and Partial Citizenship

(p.65) 4 Cultural Pluralism and Partial Citizenship
Multicultural Questions

Jeff Spinner‐Halev

Oxford University Press

In his response to our second lead question, Does Multiculturalism Threaten citizenship?, Jeff Spinner‐Halev distinguishes between various kinds of multiculturalism in practice. ‘Thick’ multiculturalism (also dubbed ‘cultural pluralism’), which seeks state funds for group separation, is a threat to citizenship. ‘Inclusive’ multiculturalism, according to Spinner‐Halev, the mainline brand, enhances citizenship – an example being the turban‐wearing Sikh in the Canadian Royal Mountain Police. Discussing the case of Hutterites, Spinner‐Halev introduces a third kind of multiculturalism for insular communities that stay away from the society's common life and invoke what he calls ‘partial citizenship’. This is a variant of ‘thick’ multiculturalism, without, however, asking for state funds. If the exit for apostates is guaranteed, partial citizenship poses no threat to citizenship, and is to be tolerated. Spinner‐Halev's approach is pragmatic, not principled: if the context allows (say in ethnically homogenous Sweden), even thick multiculturalism may be exceptionally tolerated.

Keywords:   partial citizenship, citizenship, cultural pluralism, multiculturalism, religion, right to exit

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