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The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration$
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Richard S. Katz and Bernhard Wessels

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198296607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198296606.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2022

European Parliament and Interest Groups

European Parliament and Interest Groups

(p.105) 6 European Parliament and Interest Groups
The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration

Bernhard Wessels

Oxford University Press

The sheer number of people represented by a single member of the EP means that a larger variety of interests and a higher complexity of problems need to be represented than in national governments. Interest groups might therefore prove to be the only means of compensating for the lack of direct contacts between EU institutions and citizens, in the framework of a two‐tier system of territorial and functional representation. The structure and channels of functional representatives is therefore explored, with the data suggesting that while interest groups and lobbying is very structured, a European corporatist system of interest intermediation is not yet emerging.

Keywords:   functional representation, interest groups, two‐tier system

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