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Rights Beyond BordersThe Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China$
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Rosemary Foot

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297765

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198297769.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 September 2021

The Evolution of the Global Human Rights Regime

The Evolution of the Global Human Rights Regime

(p.29) 2 The Evolution of the Global Human Rights Regime
Rights Beyond Borders

Rosemary Foot (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

During the 1970s, a time when the Beijing government was becoming more active internationally, the human rights regime reached a major turning point. In 1976, the two international human rights covenants, first introduced in 1966, came into force. Several democratic countries also introduced a human rights element in their foreign policies. Matters did not stand still after these innovations, and when the Chinese government began its final debate on whether to sign the two major international covenants, it must have been influenced by the knowledge that it was joining a group that, from June 1997, comprised 138 state parties to the ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights) and 136 to the ICESCR (International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights), although neither covenant has any effective coercive means of ensuring implementation of its articles. However, considerable normative convergence has occurred and, therefore, this chapter focuses on participatory and rhetorical behaviour in this issue area, even while it notes that actual levels of protection have frequently fallen far short of the required standards. The different sections of the chapter are: Building the Human Rights Regime; The Renewal of Activity, (which started in 1965); The Contribution of Non‐Governmental Organizations; Human Rights and the Foreign Policy of States; The Post‐Cold‐War Era; and Conclusion.

Keywords:   China, European countries’ human rights policies, foreign policy, human rights, human rights covenants, human rights regime, ICCPR, ICESCR, international covenants, non‐governmental organizations, normative convergence, rhetorical behaviour, USA's external human rights policy

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