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Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies$
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Paul Webb, David Farrell, and Ian Holliday

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199240562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199240566.001.0001

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Canada's Nineteenth‐Century Cadre Parties at the Millennium

Canada's Nineteenth‐Century Cadre Parties at the Millennium

(p.345) 12 Canada's Nineteenth‐Century Cadre Parties at the Millennium
Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

R. Kenneth Carty (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The electoral explosion that overthrew the established patterns of Canada's national party system in 1993 marked the end of yet another cycle in Canadian party system development, for there had been similar reshapings in the early 1960s and in the 1920s. In each case, the party transformations were about more than shifting electoral alignments and party fortunes, they also involved radical changes in the organization and activities of the parties concerned. However, although the formal organizational structure of Canadian parties has varied considerably, they have all been essentially cadre‐like in their structure and character, and the core linkage problem has been one of tying an American society to European‐style governing institutions. Electoral realignments have also been cast in geographic rather than social structural terms, and recent decades have seen the disintegration of the party system in a different sense as federal (national) politics has become increasingly disentangled from provincial politics. The introduction discusses these topics; the next three sections cover the same topics as those in the other country case studies in the book, and examine the possible crisis in party legitimacy in Canada, the cadre organizations of the Canadian cadre parties, and the functions of the Canadian cadre parties in a modern polity (governance, political recruitment, interest articulation and aggregation, participatory organizations, and political communication and education).

Keywords:   cadre parties, Canada, case studies, federal politics, governance, interest aggregation, interest articulation, national party system, national politics, participatory organizations, party functionality, party legitimacy, party organization, party performance, party system, political communication, political education, political participation, political parties, political recruitment, political system, provincial politics

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