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Communities and Markets in Economic Development$
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Masahiko Aoki and Yujiro Hayami

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241019

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199241015.001.0001

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The Two Paths of Agrarian System Evolution in the Philippine Rice Bowl

The Two Paths of Agrarian System Evolution in the Philippine Rice Bowl

(p.70) 3 The Two Paths of Agrarian System Evolution in the Philippine Rice Bowl
Communities and Markets in Economic Development

Yujiro Hayami

Masao Kikuchi

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the emergence of two distinct agrarian systems in major rice-producing provinces in Luzon Island, Philippines. These are the large hacienda system characterized by the management hierarchy for supervising a large number of tenants in Inner Central Luzon, and the relatively small-scale landlordism wherein landlords and tenants were tied by a patron-client bond. These agrarian systems evolved despite basic similarities in economic conditions such as ecological conditions for rice production, market access, colonial history, and post-independent government policies such as land reform.

Keywords:   agrarian systems, Luzon, Philippines, rice, hacienda, landlord and tenant

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