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Europe Undivided – Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Milada Anna Vachudova


The quality of political competition at the moment of transition explains the divergence in the domestic trajectories of East European states, steering Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic towards liberal democracy, and Romania, Bulgaria and Slovakia towards illiberal democracy after 1989. From 1989 to 1994, the European Union (EU) exerted only passive leverage on its democratizing neighbours, reinforcing liberal strategies of reform but failing to avert illiberal ones. After 1995, the EU exerted active leverage on the domestic politics of credible future members through the enlargement pro ... More

Keywords: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, democratization, Eastern Europe, enlargement, European integration, European Union, Hungary, international organizations, Poland, post-communism, Romania, Slovakia, transition

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780199241194
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2005 DOI:10.1093/0199241198.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Milada Anna Vachudova, author
Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Author Webpage