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The Government of RiskUnderstanding Risk Regulation Regimes$
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Christopher Hood, Henry Rothstein, and Robert Baldwin

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199243631

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199243638.001.0001

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Regime Development Under Pressure: Staged Retreats and Lateral Mutations

Regime Development Under Pressure: Staged Retreats and Lateral Mutations

(p.147) 9 Regime Development Under Pressure: Staged Retreats and Lateral Mutations
The Government of Risk

Christopher Hood (Contributor Webpage)

Henry Rothstein (Contributor Webpage)

Robert Baldwin (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Moves away from explaining the comparative statics of risk regulation regimes and explores what happens when regimes are under pressure to change, and, in particular, when they are under presure for greater openness and transparency. The chapter develops a style‐phase model of staged organizational responses to external pressure for change and compares its predictive value against two competing hypotheses. Examination of the nine case‐study risk regulation regimes reveals that, contrary to the common belief that such pressures are all pervasive, less than half were exposed to substantial pressures of this type. Responses of organizations in the ‘high‐pressure’ regimes were varied, but the overall pattern was consistent with a mixture of an autopoietic and staged‐response hypothesis stressing blame prevention. The chapter presents a hybrid ‘Catherine‐wheel’ model of the observed pattern and concludes by discussing the implications for policy outcomes.

Keywords:   autopoiesis, blame avoidance, blame prevention, blame shifting, openness, policy outcome, risk regulation, staged response, transparency

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