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Epistemic Justification - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Epistemic Justification

Richard Swinburne


Modern disputes about what makes a belief epistemically justified or rational are flawed through failing to recognize that there are different kinds of justifications that are in different ways indicative that the belief is true. I distinguish synchronic justification (the belief being a justified response to the believer's situation at the time) from diachronic justification (the belief constituting a justified response to adequate investigation over time); and, for each of these kinds, internalist justification (justification by introspectible factors) from externalist justification (justifi ... More

Keywords: belief, content, epistemic justification, epistemology, externalism, grounds for belief, internalism, justification, knowledge, narrow content, probability

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2001 Print ISBN-13: 9780199243792
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003 DOI:10.1093/0199243794.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Richard Swinburne, author
Oriel College, Oxford
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