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Population MattersDemographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World$
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Nancy Birdsall, Allen C. Kelley, and Steven Sinding

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199244072

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199244073.001.0001

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Dependency Burdens in the Developing World

Dependency Burdens in the Developing World

(p.55) 3 Dependency Burdens in the Developing World
Population Matters

John Bongaarts

Oxford University Press

The dependency burden, which is the ratio of dependent young and old to the population of working age, varies as a country moves through demographic transition. Following a modest initial rise, the dependency ratio typically undergoes a prolonged period of decline during the central part of transition. This decline is closely linked to the decline in fertility. The timing, duration and magnitude of the decline in dependency rate in mid-transitional societies are largely determined by the timing, duration, and magnitude of fertility declines.

Keywords:   dependency burden, demographic transition, developing countries, young, old, fertility

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