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Justice, Posterity, and the Environment$
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Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199245086

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199245088.001.0001

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International Justice and Sharing the Burden of Environmental Protection

International Justice and Sharing the Burden of Environmental Protection

(p.167) 10 International Justice and Sharing the Burden of Environmental Protection
Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman

Joanna Pasek

Oxford University Press

Some current environmental problems are global and have public good elements that raise, in an acute form, the question of how the costs of a collective effort from which the world as a whole will benefit should be shared out among poor and rich countries. This chapter discusses how far theories of justice provide guidance to this question. It argues that the answer seems to be ‘very little’ and that, in order to arrive at some ground rules for allocating the burden of global environmental protection between countries—as between generations—we are forced back on humanitarian principles of concern for the poor.

Keywords:   cost allocation, environment, environmental protection, humanitarianism, international justice, public good, John Rawls

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