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Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies$
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P. M. S Hacker

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199245697

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2005

DOI: 10.1093/019924569X.001.0001

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Malcolm On Language and Rule s

Malcolm On Language and Rule s

(p.310) 11 Malcolm On Language and Rules
Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

P. M. S Hacker

Oxford University Press

Wittgenstein held that speaking a language is a rule-governed activity. He argued that following a rule presupposes the existence of a practice. It is unclear whether the concept of a practice that is invoked is that of a social practice—in which case, as Norman Malcolm argued, language is essentially social, or whether the concept of a practice allows for the practices of a solitary individual—in which case, as is argued here, language is essentially shareable, but need not actually be shared.

Keywords:   agreement, following rules, language, N. Malcolm, practice, solitary language users

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