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The Architecture of DemocracyConstitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy$
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Andrew Reynolds

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246465

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199246467.001.0001

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Indonesia's Democratic Transition: Playing by the Rules

Indonesia's Democratic Transition: Playing by the Rules

(p.373) 13 Indonesia's Democratic Transition: Playing by the Rules
The Architecture of Democracy

R. William Liddle

Oxford University Press

Examines an exceptional factor in Indonesia's post‐Suharto democratization, namely the elite's use of the 1945 Constitution, and reviews the earlier skill, of both President Soekarno and President Suharto, in using it to structure and legitimize their authoritarian regimes. The positive role played by the 1945 Constitution in Indonesia's democratic transition is an extraordinary irony of history, a striking instance of the way in which authoritarian institutions and ideologies can be turned against politicians who have spent decades fashioning them as instruments of autocratic power. However, in a further irony, it now looms as a major obstacle to democratic consolidation, as the new leadership prepares to undertake its substantial dismantlement and virtual replacement.

Keywords:   constitutional reform, democratization, Indonesia

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