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The Architecture of DemocracyConstitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy$
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Andrew Reynolds

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246465

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199246467.001.0001

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Ethnic Diversities, Constitutional Designs, and Public Policies in India

Ethnic Diversities, Constitutional Designs, and Public Policies in India

(p.429) 15 Ethnic Diversities, Constitutional Designs, and Public Policies in India
The Architecture of Democracy

David Stuligross

Varshney Ashutosh

Oxford University Press

Examines how India's constitutional provisions and public policies have dealt with the nation's four main sources of ethnic diversity—religion, language, caste, and tribe. It addresses three questions. First, how did India's constitution makers and founding fathers propose to deal with the problems of each category, as they went about building the nation? Second, what has been the impact of the constitutional provisions, institutional frameworks, and public policies that they devised? Third, could constitutional and public policy engineering have achieved the objectives set, or have some other factors intervened to produce the actual outcomes? It concludes that while India's constitutional design has been a great success in respect of linguistic diversity, the record has been mixed in respect of the other categories.

Keywords:   caste, ethnic relations, India, language, religion, tribe

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