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The National Co-ordination of EU PolicyThe European Level$
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Hussein Kassim, Anand Menon, B. Guy Peters, and Vincent Wright

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248056

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199248052.001.0001

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The German Case: A Key Moderator in a Competitive Multi‐Level Environment

The German Case: A Key Moderator in a Competitive Multi‐Level Environment

(p.101) 3 The German Case: A Key Moderator in a Competitive Multi‐Level Environment
The National Co-ordination of EU Policy

Andreas Maurer

Wolfgang Wessels

Oxford University Press

This study of the German permanent representation at Brussels unravels the complexities of co-ordination in a domestic political system characterized by vertical and horizontal pluralism, administrative fragmentation, and parallel competition from the ‘foreign relations systems’ of the Länder. Success in high politics at the European level contrasts with the ‘diplomacy of improvisation’ that is the outcome of ‘autonomy, polyphony, and organized anarchy in routine policy-making. The first section of the chapter conceptualizes the ‘Janus-like character of permanent representations at Brussels and discusses various theoretical approaches to these bodies. The following sections look at the history, growth and differentiation of the German permanent representation, its tasks, the German Länder system as a complicating factor, and the co-ordination and communication activities of the German permanent representation, which orients its European policy-making activities in six directions—between Bonn/Berlin and Brussels, within Brussels, within Bonn/Berlin, with the Länder, with the European Commission and the European Parliament, and with Brussels-based interest groups.

Keywords:   Brussels, communication, EU policy, European permanent representations, European Union, German Länder system, German permanent representation, Germany, history, national policy, policy co-ordination, policy-making, tasks

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