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The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities$
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Giovanni Dosi, Richard R. Nelson, and Sidney Winter

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248544

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199248540.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2021

How Technological Competencies Help Define the Core (Not the Boundaries) of the Firm

How Technological Competencies Help Define the Core (Not the Boundaries) of the Firm

(p.313) 11 How Technological Competencies Help Define the Core (Not the Boundaries) of the Firm
The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities

Pari Patel

Keith Pavitt

Oxford University Press

The chapter studies technological capabilities across around 400 of the world's largest technologically active firms, as measured by their patenting activities. There found a robust evidence of competences diversified across multiple technological fields, quite inertial— although slowly changing over time—and distinctly different across firms—even if influenced by the sector of principal production activity of the firms themselves. Interestingly, these large firms show a range of technologies, which firms may acquire from outside, and in‐house knowledge necessary to utilize them. Most of these firms in addition to core technological competences possess ‘background’ competences located in broad technologies—such as machinery and chemical process—and ‘niche’ competences in particular technological sub‐fields: these firm‐specific technological profiles are proximate predictors of the core activities of the firm.

Keywords:   capabilities, core competencies, heterogeneity of firms, knowledge, patenting, process, technological change, technology

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