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Green States and Social MovementsEnvironmentalism in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Norway$
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John S. Dryzek, David Downes, Christian Hunold, David Schlosberg, and Hans-Kristian Hernes

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199249022

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199249024.001.0001

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Evaluating Movement Effectiveness and Strategy

Evaluating Movement Effectiveness and Strategy

(p.131) 6 Evaluating Movement Effectiveness and Strategy
Green States and Social Movements

John S. Dryzek (Contributor Webpage)

David Downes

Christian Hunold (Contributor Webpage)

David Schlosberg (Contributor Webpage)

Hans‐Kristian Hernes (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Evaluates and compares movement strategy and success in influencing public policy within the state when environmentalists act in conventional interest group or in political party fashion. But movements can also influence public policy when they confront the state from civil society. In addition, movements in civil society can take effect more directly by changing the terms of political discourse and political culture, and engaging paragovernmental activity that bypasses the state. In light of these possibilities, guidelines are developed for movements contemplating whether to act within the state, in oppositional civil society, or in both. We show when and how the popular ‘dual strategy’ for movement action can work—and when it cannot.

Keywords:   civil society, environmentalism, interest group, political discourse, political party, public policy, dual strategy

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