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Governing Europe$
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Jack Hayward and Anand Menon

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250158

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199250154.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 April 2021

Contentious Politics in Western Europe and the United States

Contentious Politics in Western Europe and the United States

(p.231) 14 Contentious Politics in Western Europe and the United States
Governing Europe

Sidney Tarrow (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The first part of this chapter examines the four main types of political contention outlined in the introduction to it: expressive contention, reformist contention, integral contention and communal contention. The second section looks at how contentious political movements change; the four types frequently intersect, combine and transmute from one form to another. The types of change considered here are institutionalization, radicalization of once–moderate movements, the creation of hybrid forms of organization and strategy, and the privatization of movement activists. The third section of the chapter turns to how states interact with movements and considers the hypothesis that Western Europe and the United States are, in some ways, becoming movement societies. The chapter closes on a speculative note: how are European social movements – which arose in relation to the national state – being affected by the forces of ‘globalization’ and European integration in today’s world?

Keywords:   communal contention, contentious political movements, European integration, European social movements, expressive contention, globalization, hybrid forms, institutionalization, integral contention, movement societies, political contention, political movements, privatization, radicalization, reformist contention, social movements, United States, Western Europe

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