Nicholas Aylott is Research Fellow in the Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Sweden, having previously worked at Keele University in the United Kingdom. His research field is comparative European politics, with special focus on Scandinavia and, thematically, political parties. He is the author of Swedish Social Democracy and European Integration (Ashgate 1999), and of numerous chapters and articles in journals such as Government and Opposition, Party Politics, and West European Politics.
Herman Bakvis is Professor of Political Science and Public Administration, and Director of the School of Public Administration, at Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia, Canada. His research interests include government structure and organization, cabinet government, political parties, and intergovernmental relations. His publications include Canadian Federalism: Performance, Effectiveness, and Legitimacy (Oxford 2002, co‐edited with G. Skogstad) and The Hollow Crown: Countervailing Trends in Core Executives (Macmillan 1997, co‐edited with P. Weller and R.A.W. Rhodes).
Ingrid van Biezen is Senior Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the University of Birmingham. She has taught at the University of Leiden and the Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore) and has held Visiting Fellowships at Yale University and the University of California, Irvine. She is the author of Political Parties in New Democracies (Palgrave Macmillan 2003) and has published various articles on political finance, party organization, and party membership in Party Politics, European Journal of Political Research, and West European Politics.
Mauro Calise is Professor of Political Science at the University of Naples ‘Federico II’, and Editor and Director of the International Political Science Association Portal for Electronic Sources. He has published books and articles in several areas, including political theory, governmental elites, political parties, and conceptual analysis. His latest book is Il Partito Personale (Editore Laterza 2000), and he is presently completing, with Theodore J. Lowi, Hyperpolitics, a book and a computer‐assisted platform for the hypertextual treatment of political science concepts. He is a past Vice‐President of the International Political Science Association, and has held visiting positions at Institut d'Etudes Politique de Paris, Cornell University, and the Harvard Center for European Studies.
(p.xiii) Ben Clift is Lecturer in International Political Economy at the University of Warwick, having formerly taught at Brunel University. He is the author of French Socialism in a Global Era: The Political Economy of the New Social Democracy in France (Continuum Books 2003), and of various articles and book chapters on French politics and the comparative political economy of Social Democracy.
Marina Costa Lobo is a Researcher at the Social Sciences Institute of the University of Lisbon. She received her doctorate from Oxford University, and her research interests include Portuguese government, political parties, and electoral behaviour. She is currently Co‐Director of the Portuguese Election Study, and co‐author of O Parlamento Português: Uma Reforma Necessária (Lisbon: ICS 2002), and of various articles in Análise Social, Party Politics, South European Politics and Society, West European Politics, and The Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans.
Sergio Fabbrini is Professor of Political Science at the University of Trento, where he directs the Ph.D. programme in International Studies. He has also taught and lectured at the universities of California at Berkeley, Harvard (USA), Nanjing (China), Carleton (Canada), Bath (Britain), Osaka and Tokyo (Japan). He has authored or co‐authored eight academic books, edited and co‐edited six others, and published numerous articles in the fields of Comparative, American, Italian, and European Union politics, and Political Theory. He is currently the editor of La Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica (the Italian Political Science Review).
Stefaan Fiers is Lecturer in Comparative Politics and Director of the teacher training programme in social sciences at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. His main research interests include civic education and the recruitment of political elites, especially within the framework of multilevel governance. He has authored and co‐authored various articles and book chapters on the recruitment of MPs and MEPs, the selection of party leaders, and the direct election of prime ministers.
Reuven Y. Hazan is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Political Science at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is the author of Reforming Parliamentary Committees: Israel in Comparative Perspective (Ohio State University Press 2001), and the editor of Cohesion and Discipline in Legislatures: Political Parties, Party Leadership, Parliamentary Committees and Governance (Routledge forthcoming). His articles on electoral and political reform in Israel have appeared in a wide variety of journals, including Comparative Political Studies, Electoral Studies, Journal of Legislative Studies, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Party Politics, Political Geography, and Representation.
(p.xiv) Richard Heffernan teaches at the Open University and has published widely on many aspects of British politics. He is the author of New Labour and Thatcherism: Political Change in Britain (Palgrave 2001) and an editor of Developments in British Politics 7 (Palgrave Macmillan 2003).
Jonathan Hopkin is Lecturer in Government at the London School of Economics. He is the author of Party Formation and Democratic Transition in Spain (Macmillan 1999), and has also worked on corruption and party politics, comparative party organizations, and the effects of political decentralization on parties. He has published in a range of journals, including the European Journal of Political Research, European Urban and Regional Studies, Party Politics, Review of International Political Economy, and West European Politics.
Tim Knudsen is Professor in Public Administration at the University of Copenhagen. He has published extensively on Scandinavian state‐building and Danish administrative history, including ‘How informal can you be? The case of Denmark’ in B. Guy Peters, R.A.W. Rhodes, and Vincent Wright (eds.) Administering the Summit: Administration of the Core Executive (Palgrave 2000).
André Krouwel is Associate Professor of Comparative Politics in the Department of Political Science at the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. He has authored or edited various books, articles, and chapters on the transformation of political parties, social movements, electoral behaviour, and democratization in Eastern Europe.
Heikki Paloheimo is Professor of Political Science at the University of Turku, Finland. His research interests cover political participation, political institutions, comparative politics, and policy analysis. He has published extensively on these themes, including Governments in Democratic Capitalist States (University of Turku 1984) and (as co‐editor) Coping with the Economic Crisis (Sage 1987). He is a member of the editorial boards of the European Journal of Political Research and Politiikka (the quarterly journal of the Finnish Political Science Association), and the head of the Finnish Standing Group on Political Participation. He is a regular national TV commentator on Finnish general elections, and a frequent expert witness to Finnish parliamentary committees on political institutions.
Karina Pedersen is Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the University of Copenhagen. Her research interests include Danish politics, and the comparative study of political parties and elections. She is the author of Party Membership Linkage: The Danish Case (University of Copenhagen) and of various articles and book chapters in her areas of research interest.
Thomas Poguntke is Professor of Political Science at Keele University, UK, and Fellow at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, having (p.xv) taught previously at the universities of Stuttgart, Mannheim, and Bielefeld. He is the series editor of the Routledge/ECPR Studies in European Political Science and is the author or editor of numerous publications including Parteiorganisation im Wandel: Gesellschaftliche Verankerung und organisatorische Anpassung im Europäischen Vergleich (Westdeutscher Verlag 2000) and How Parties Respond: Interest Aggregation Revisited (Routledge 2004, with Kay Lawson). His main research interests focus on New Politics, party politics, and comparative analysis of democratic regimes. He currently leads research projects on Europarties and the Europeanization of national political parties.
Paul Webb is Professor of Politics at the University of Sussex, and has held a number of previous and visiting positions in Britain and abroad, most recently at the Australian National University. His research interests focus on representative democracy, particularly party and electoral politics. He is the author or editor of numerous publications, including The Modern British Party System (Sage Publications 2000), Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Societies (Oxford University Press 2002, with David Farrell and Ian Holliday), and Political Parties in Transitional Democracies (Oxford University Press forthcoming, with Stephen White). He is currently co‐editor of the journals Party Politics and Representation.
Steven B. Wolinetz is Professor of Political Science at Memorial University of Newfoundland. A specialist in European and Dutch politics, he is the author of numerous publications on parties and party systems, including Parties and Party Systems in Liberal Democracies (Routledge 1988), and editor of the International Library of Politics and Comparative Government volumes on Political Parties and Party Systems (Routledge 1998). His articles include ‘The Transformation of Western European Party Systems Revisited’ (West European Politics 1979).