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Environmental Protest in Western Europe - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Environmental Protest in Western Europe

Christopher Rootes


It is frequently claimed that, as a result of the institutionalization of environmentalism in the years following its rapid rise in the 1970s and 1980s, the environmental movement has been demobilized, and that once radical groups have been incorporated into the web of policy‐making and consultation and have moderated their tactics to the point that lobbying and partnerships have displaced protest. Such claims were, however, based on casual observation and anecdote rather than systematic investigation of the incidence of protest, and during the 1990s, in several western European countries, the ... More

Keywords: activism, demobilization, environmentalism, European Union, Europeanization, institutionalization, mass media attention cycles, political opportunities, protest, protest event methodology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2003 Print ISBN-13: 9780199252060
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004 DOI:10.1093/0199252068.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Christopher Rootes, editor
Reader in Political Sociology and Environmental Politics and Director of the Centre for the Study of Social and Political Movements, University of Kent at Canterbury
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