Chs. 5–8 examine individual indicators, beginning in Ch. 5 with a single field: the risk of financial poverty. A whole chapter is devoted to this one indicator for two reasons: poverty is intrinsically important, and estimates of the extent of poverty in Europe have played a major role in the evolution of EU social policy; moreover, the design of poverty indicators serves to illustrate the issues that arise with indicators in general. Reviews the many different approaches that have been adopted to the measurement of poverty, and sets out the choices that have to be made in arriving at a concrete implementation. The indicators of financial poverty described in the chapter provide a measure of the degree to which people face the risk of serious deprivation in terms of their standard of living or to which they fall below a specified minimum level of resources. To measure the seriousness of the poverty risk that people face, or the depth of their poverty, further indicators need to be added, and these are discussed in Ch. 6.
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