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The Politics of Electoral Systems$
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Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199257566.001.0001

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Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System

Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System

(p.277) 13 Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System
The Politics of Electoral Systems

Steven R. Reed

Oxford University Press

Japan embarked upon fundamental electoral reform in the 1990s. The single non-transferable vote was replaced by a mixed parallel system, which has resulted in an increase in disproportionality. The party system has changed, though not necessarily due to electoral system change. The dominance of the Liberal Democratic Party – something that some reformers hoped electoral reform might threaten – has continued despite some signs of movement towards a genuine two-party system. Factions within the Liberal Democratic Party are less significant than in the past, though again this cannot be attributed entirely to the change in electoral system.

Keywords:   Japanese politics, single non-transferable vote, electoral reform, party system, factions

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