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The Politics of Electoral Systems$
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Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199257566.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

Austria: A Complex Electoral System with Subtle Effects

Austria: A Complex Electoral System with Subtle Effects

(p.396) (p.397) 19 Austria: A Complex Electoral System with Subtle Effects
The Politics of Electoral Systems

Wolfgang C. Müller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Austria has a complex list PR system in which seats are distributed at three levels: regional, land, and national. At the regional and land levels, electors can either vote for a party in general or select one of its candidates. If specific candidates receive sufficient preference votes, they are moved to the top of their party list. The system is highly proportional because all votes are used again in the third national tier of seat allocation. The system aims to combine overall proportionality with close voter-MP links provided by the first tier.

Keywords:   three-tier districting, national threshold, preference voting, proportionality, accountability

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