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The Politics of Electoral Systems$
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Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199257566.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 July 2021

Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?

Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?

(p.417) 20 Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?
The Politics of Electoral Systems

Lieven De Winter

Oxford University Press

Belgium’s list PR system was reformed to enhance voters’ influence over which party candidates are elected. Belgium’s extreme party fragmentation (the largest party has only 15 per cent) has been curtailed by the introduction of a 5 per cent threshold. A consequence of this has been a dramatic increase in disproportionality.

Keywords:   list PR, federalism, preference votes, fragmentation

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