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Social Mobility in Europe$
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Richard Breen

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199258451

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199258457.001.0001

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Intergenerational Mobility in Poland: 1972–88–94

Intergenerational Mobility in Poland: 1972–88–94

(p.269) 11 Intergenerational Mobility in Poland: 1972–88–94
Social Mobility in Europe

Bogdan W. Mach

Oxford University Press

Detailed 1972–1988–1994 comparisons of intergenerational mobility in Poland reveal significant gender differences. Instances of upward movement increase over time among women, but remain stable among men. No temporal change is the general trend in male relative mobility, while a clear tendency towards increasing fluidity characterizes its female patterns. Although in terms of the core model of Erikson and Goldthorpe, Polish mobility patterns move closer and closer to the West European ‘core’ for men as well as for women, gender differences exist in the specific effects included in the model: a strengthening of hierarchy effects is more characteristic of men, whereas a decline in inheritance effects is more characteristic of women. This consistent pattern of gender differences is difficult to interpret systematically in the context of macro-structural developments taking place in Poland in the 1970s, the 1980s, and the 1990s, and invites further research on the detailed effects of educational differentials.

Keywords:   gender differences, Poland, social mobility, social stratification, state socialism, transition in East Central Europe

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